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   Organic Cowpea Seeds

Product Type - Cowpea Seeds
Botanical Name - Vigna unguiculata
Family Name - Fabaceae

   Introduction

Cowpeas are one of the most important food legume crops in the semi-arid tropics covering Asia, Africa, southern Europe and Central and South America. A drought-tolerant and warm-weather crop, cowpeas are well-adapted to the drier regions of the tropics, where other food legumes do not perform well. It also has the useful ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen through its root nodules, and it grows well in poor soils with more than 85% sand and with less than 0.2% organic matter and low levels of phosphorus. Dry cowpea seeds are an important source of affordable protein, B vitamins, and minerals in the predominantly carbohydrate based diet of people in rural communities of southern Africa, Malawo inclusive.


  Description

 

All cultivated cowpea varieties are considered warm season and adapted to heat and drought conditions. Some varieties are erect and bushy, while others are viney in growth habit. Cowpeas may reach a canopy height of 30–36 inches in Indiana. However, more determinate types will be around 20–24 inches, and it is likely the indeterminate types will vine at that same height resulting in no further increase of the canopy height. The seed pods are borne above the leaf axil, thus the pods are very visible. This last abdominal segment also has two black spots visible. The larva is whitish and somewhat C-shaped with a small head. Cowpea is day neutral, highly self-pollinated crop, although significant out crossing can also occur due to large bees like bumble bees.


   Usage of the Cowpea Seeds

»  Cowpea can be used at all stages of growth as a vegetable crop.
» The soluble fiber found in these beans have a low glycolic index and provide low risk for     diabetes.
»  Phytosterols present in the beans help reduce blood cholesterol levels. They are low in fat and     sodium and contain no cholesterol.
»  It also is used as a green manure crop, a nitrogen fixing crop, or for erosion control. Similar to     other grain legumes, cowpea contains trypsin inhibitors which limit protein utilization.
» Cowpea can be used as vegetable or Green seeds of cowpea are roasted and used like     peanuts.
»  Dried seeds may be boiled and used in soups or stews, or ground and made into cakes.


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