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   Organic Lentil

Product Type - Lentil
Botanical Name - Lens culinaris
Family Name - Fabaceae

   Introduction

Lentil has a restricted root system, tending to lodge at maturity because of its weak stem. It has many soft, hairy branches with innately compound leaves and numerous oval leaflets. Flowers are white, lilac or pale blue. The broad, smooth pods range from 8 to 40 mm long and 6 to 15 mm wide. Each pod bears 1–2 seeds which are thin and lens-shaped; color ranges from brown to yellow to various mottled patterns. The weight of 100 seeds ranges from 1.5 to 8.0 g.


   Description

 

Lentils are legumes, seeds of a plant whose botanical name is Lens esculent. They grow in pods that contain either one or two lentil seeds. Lentils are classified according to whether they are large or small in size with dozens of varieties of each being cultivated. While the most common types in the United States are either green or brown, lentils are also available in black, yellow, red and orange colors. This round, oval or heart-shaped disks are small in size, oftentimes smaller than the tip of a pencil eraser. They are sold whole or split into halves. The different types offer varying consistencies with the brown and green ones better retaining their shape after cooking, while the others generally become soft and mushy.


   Uses of Lentil in Food Industry

  Lentils are used almost exclusively for human consumption. Lentils are often used as a meat     extender or as a meat substitute.
  Because of the high protein content and quality. They can be used in soups, stews, salads,     casseroles, and vegetarian dishes.
  Lentils can also be used for livestock feed, however, only small amounts of low grade lentils     are used for feed.
  Lentils are used in curries. Lentil flour is added to cereal flour to make breads, cakes and baby     foods. In addition, lentils are often used as a meat extender or substitute because of the high     protein content and quality.


   Health Benefits of Lentil

 

 Lentils may be beneficial in the prevention of coronary and cardiovascular disease, lowering     blood cholesterol levels due to their high-fiber content.
 Lentils can also help to reduce blood lipids that may help some serious complications of     diabetes.
  It can also be used in vegetarian diets due to their good source of iron and protein.
 Lentils also contain non nutritional components called photochemical, which have an     antioxidant effect that may help fight against diseases like cancer and heart disease.
 It may have positive effects in preventing and treating several chronic conditions including     cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and hypertension.

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