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Groundnut/Peanut/Groundnut Oil/Peanut oil,Cacahuete/maní/Aceite de cacahuete/aceite de maní 
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   Groundnut/Peanut / Groundnut Oil /Peanut oil

Name - Groundnut/Peanut / Groundnut Oil /Peanut oil
Botanical Name - Arachis hypogaea
Family Name - Fabaceae


The groundnut belongs to the pea and bean family and is a legume. But it is considered as nut because of its high nutritional value. That is how it is used in family meals and snacks. The groundnut is the only nut that grows below the earth. The groundnut plant is a variable annual herb, which grows up to 50 cm. in height. The flowers of the plant develop a stalk which enters into the soil, forms a pod containing generally two seeds. They become mature in about two months, when the leaves of the plant turn yellow. The plant is then removed from the earth and allowed to dry. After three to six weeks they are separated from the plant.



The peanut, or groundnut (Arachis hypogaea), is a species in the legume or "bean" family (Fabaceae). The peanut was probably first cultivated in the valleys of Peru. It is an annual herbaceous plant growing 30 to 50 cm (1.0 to 1.6 ft) tall. The leaves are opposite, pinnate with four leaflets (two opposite pairs; no terminal leaflet), each leaflet 1 to 7 cm (⅜ to 2ľ in) long and 1 to 3 cm (⅜ to 1 inch) broad. The flowers are a typical pea flower in shape, 2 to 4 cm (0.8 to 1.6 in) (ľ to 1˝ in) across, yellow with reddish veining. Hypogaea means "under the earth", after pollination, the flower stalk elongates causing it to bend until the ovary touches the ground. Continued stalk growth then pushes the ovary underground where the mature fruit develops into a legume pod, the peanut – a classical example of grocery. Pods are 3 to 7 cm (1.2 to 2.8 in) long, containing 1 to 4 seeds.

   Uses of Groundnut in food industries

»  The groundnuts are consumed in many ways and various forms. They may be eaten raw,      boiled, steamed or roasted.
»  They are sometimes eaten as a sweetmeat by coating them with sugar. In the West, they   form an important constituent of confections. They are often taken in the form of nut     chocolates, candies and sandwiches.
»  Groundnuts may be used for preparing nutritive and tasty milk.
»  The groundnut milk may be converted into curd. A small quantity of the cow milk curd may be   added to the milk and allowed to remain overnight to set. It tastes like milk curd and     possesses much of its qualities.
»  Groundnuts are often used as vegetables when the seeds are still tender. They may also be     taken in their germinated form.

   Health Benefits Of Groundnut


»  Groundnuts are valuable in diabetes. Eating a handful of groundnuts daily by diabetics will not     only prevent malnutrition, particularly the deficiency of niacin, but also checks the development     of vascular complications.
»  The eating of raw nuts increases the supply of milk in nursing mothers.
»  Eating peanuts helps in cases of malnutrition, tuberculosis and general weakness.
»  Externally used, the fresh cold-pressed peanut oil is applied in hemorrhoids or piles.
»  Introducing a few drops of fresh peanut oil in the ears helps in cases of otalgia or pain in the     ears.
»  The same fresh oil removes spots from the face and heals chapped lips.

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Organic Groundnut/Peanut / Groundnut Oil /Peanut oil, Cacahuete/ Maní/ Aceite de cacahuete / aceite de maní, Amendoim amendoim / Óleo de amendoim Óleo / amendoim, Арахис / арахис / арахисовое масло / Арахисовое масло, Erdnuss / Erdnuss / Erdnuß / Erdnussöl, Arachide / arachide / arachide huile / huile d'arachide, Yerfıstığı / Fıstık / Yerfıstığı Yağı / Fıstık yağı, Arachide / Peanut / olio di arachidi / olio di arachidi, Aardnoot / pinda / arachide olie / pinda olie, Υπόγειος / αράπικων / Αραχιδέλαιο / φυστικιών, Jordnöt / Jordnöt / jordnötsolja / Jordnötsolja