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   Organic Safflower Seeds

Name - Safflower Seeds
Botanical Name - Carthamus tinctorius
Family Name - Asteraceae

   Introduction

Safflower, a multipurpose crop, has been grown for centuries in India for the orange-red dye (carthamin) extracted from its brilliantly colored flowers and for its quality oil rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids. Safflower flowers are known to have many medicinal properties for curing several chronic diseases, and they are widely used in Chinese herbal preparations. The tender leaves, shoots, and thinning of safflower are used as pot herb and salad. They are rich in vitamin A, iron, phosphorus, and calcium. Bundles of young plants are commonly sold as a green vegetable in markets in India and some neighboring countries.


   Description

Safflower is a highly branched, herbaceous, thistle-like annual, usually with many long sharp spines on the leaves. Plants are 30 to 150 cm tall with globular flower heads (capitula) and commonly, brilliant yellow, orange or red flowers which bloom in July. Each branch will usually have from one to five flower heads containing 15 to 20 seeds per head. Safflower has a strong taproot which enables it to thrive in dry climates, but the plant is very susceptible to frost injury from stem elongation to maturity.


   Uses of Safflower

»  Safflower was originally grown for the flowers that were used in making red and yellow dyes for    clothing and food preparation. Crop supplies oil, meal, birdseed, and foots (residue from oil    processing) for the food and industrial products markets, although this crop is now primarily     grown for the oil.
»  Safflower oil is also used in painting in the place of linseed oil, particularly with white, as it     does not have the yellow tint which linseed oil possesses.
»  The crop was grown for its flowers, used for coloring and flavouring foods and making red and     yellow dyes, especially before cheaper aniline dyes became available, and in medicines.
»  Safflower flowers are occasionally used in cooking as a cheaper substitute for saffron, and are     thus sometimes referred to as "bastard saffron."
»  Safflower seed is also used quite commonly as an alternative to sunflower seed in birdfeeders,     as squirrels do not like the taste of it.
»  It is used to color cosmetics and dye fabrics. Safflower seed oil is used as a paint solvent.
» Safflower seed oil is used for preventing heart disease, including “hardening of the arteries”    atherosclerosisand stroke.


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Organic Safflower Seeds, Oilseeds, Grains, Las semillas de cártamo, Sementes de cártamo, Семена сафлора, Saflorsamen, de graines de carthame, Aspir Tohumu, Semi di cartamo, saffloerzaad, Κενταύριο σπόροι, Safflorfrön