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   Turmeric Whole / Finger, Turmeric Powder, Turmeric astract

Product Type - Turmeric Whole / Finger, Turmeric Powder, Turmeric astract
Botanical Name - Curcuma longa
Family Name - Zingiberaceae (Ginger Family)

   Introduction

Turmeric is a bright yellow/orange polyphenol having the form of a dry powder that is oil-soluble. The concentrate has neither flavour nor aroma. It colour food readily if there is oil present. The medicinal properties and health benefits of turmeric extract are attributed partly to its strong anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory characteristics.


   Description

Turmeric (curcuma longa) is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant of the ginger family, (zingiberaceae). Turmeric contains up to 5% essential oils and up to 5% curcumin, a polyphenol. Curcumin is the active substance of turmeric and curcumin is known as C.I. 75300, or Natural Yellow . The systematic chemical name is (1E,6E)-1,7-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione. It can exist at least in two tautomeric forms, keto and enol. The keto form is preferred in solid phase and the enol form in solution. Curcumin is a pH indicator. In acidic solutions (pH <7.4) it turns yellow, whereas in basic (pH > 8.6) solutions it turns bright red. The rhizomes are boiled and then dried, leaving a yellow powder. The colour comes from pigments called curcuminoids. It is native to tropical south Asia and needs temperature between 20 C and 30 C and a considerable amount of annual rainfall to thrive.


   Uses of Turmeric

  Turmeric powder is one of the most significant colouring materials of India. It is used to give   golden colour to foods such as curries, mustards, mayonnaise, pickles, and sauces.      Sometimes substituted for Saffron.
  Its colour also serves as a chemical indicator since it changes its colour on adding acids or     alkalis.
  Turmeric is a mild aromatic stimulant seldom used in medicine. The main organs that turmeric     treats are the skin, heart, liver and lungs.


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